Pasture and hay land rank a distant second to forestland in White Salmon River watershed land use. Approximately 9,000 acres are utilized for this purpose, accounting for only 4% of the watershed area. The third largest land use in the watershed is orchard fruit production, accounting for 1,585 acres, or 0.6% of the total watershed area. Domestic animal populations within the basin include pasture and range cattle, dairy cattle, sheep, horses, and alpaca. There are organic dairies in Trout Lake valley. Organic farming, including herbs also occurs in the area. (2003 WRIA 29 Report citing Stampfli, 1994)